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Системные гипертензии

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Характеристика гендерных особенностей клинической картины синдрома обструктивного апноэ сна и качества жизни больных

https://doi.org/10.26442/2075082X.2019.3.190540

Аннотация

Синдром обструктивного апноэ сна (СОАС) - социально значимое заболевание, приводящее к увеличению риска развития сердечно-сосудистых осложнений и драматически ухудшающее качество жизни пациента. Длительное время заболевание считалось исключительно мужским, однако результаты эпидемиологических исследований последних лет отражают уменьшение разницы в заболеваемости между мужчинами и женщинами. Данные изменения обусловлены более прицельным изучением особенностей манифестации и клинического течения заболевания, а также новыми подходами к диагностике СОАС. Обзор посвящен анализу последних данных о гендерных различиях в распространенности, патофизиологии СОАС, диагностике и клинике заболевания. Также рассматриваются особенности влияния гендера на качество жизни и сна. Полученные результаты позволят лучше объяснить механизмы гендерных различий, а также сформировать новые тенденции в разработке клинических исследований.

Об авторах

Нарине Тиграновна Хачатрян
ФГБУ «НМИЦ кардиологии»
Россия


Евгения Михайловна Елфимова
ФГБУ «НМИЦ кардиологии»
Россия


Оксана Олеговна Михайлова
ФГБУ «НМИЦ кардиологии»
Россия


Александр Юрьевич Литвин
ФГБУ «НМИЦ кардиологии»; ФГБОУ ВО «РНИМУ им. Н.И. Пирогова»
Россия


Ирина Евгеньевна Чазова
ФГБУ «НМИЦ кардиологии»
Россия


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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Хачатрян Н.Т., Елфимова Е.М., Михайлова О.О., Литвин А.Ю., Чазова И.Е. Характеристика гендерных особенностей клинической картины синдрома обструктивного апноэ сна и качества жизни больных. Системные гипертензии. 2019;16(3):53-57. https://doi.org/10.26442/2075082X.2019.3.190540

For citation:


Khachatryan N.T., Elfimova E.M., Mikhailova O.O., Litvin A.Yu., Chazova I.E. Gender characteristics of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome clinical manifestations and patients' quality of life. Systemic Hypertension. 2019;16(3):53-57. https://doi.org/10.26442/2075082X.2019.3.190540

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